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Today in History (08 November 2008)

Discussion in 'General Discussions and Lounge' started by istanbul, Nov 8, 2008.

  1. istanbul

    istanbul New Member Webmaster

    1519 - Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlán and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great a celebration as would befit a returning god.
    1520 - Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.
    1576 - Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent - The States-General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose Spanish occupation.
    1602 - The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened to the public.
    1620 - The Battle of White Mountain takes place near Prague, ending in a decisive Catholic victory in only two hours.
    1793 - In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum.
    1837 - Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which later becomes Mount Holyoke College.
    1861 - American Civil War: The "Trent Affair" – The USS San Jacinto stops the United Kingdom mail ship Trent and arrests two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US.
    1889 - Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state.
    1892 - The New Orleans general strike begins, uniting black and white American trade unionists in a successful four-day general strike action for the first time.
    1895 - While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray.
    1901 - Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.
    1917 - The People's Commissars give authority to Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Joseph Stalin.
    1923 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government.
    1933 - Great Depression: New Deal - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
    1935 - A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with advancing industrial unionism.
    1937 - The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
    1938 - A pogrom against the Jews of Germany and Austria takes place in response to the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris.
    1939 - Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans.
    1939 - In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes an assassination attempt while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
    1941 - The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
    1942 - Holocaust: In Ternopil, western Ukraine, the German SS deport about 2,400 Jews from Ternopil ghetto to the Belzec death camp, in the so called "Second Aktion". When the Germans captured Ternopil, about 18,000 Jews lived in the city.
    1942 - World War II: Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa.
    1942 - World War II: French resistance coup in Algiers, in which 400 civilian French patriots neutralize Vichyist XIXth Army Corps after 15 hours of fighting, and arrest several Vichyst generals, allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers.
    1950 - Korean War: United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history.
    1957 - Operation Grapple X, Round C1: Britain conducts its first successful hydrogen bomb test over Kiritimati in the Pacific. Two tests earlier that year were publicly hailed as successful, but in fact largely failed.
    1965 - The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands.
    1965 - The Murder (Abolition of the Death Penalty) Act 1965 is given Royal Assent, formally abolishing the death penalty in the United Kingdom.
    1965 - The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Operation Hump during the Vietnam War.
    1966 - Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate.
    1966 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law an antitrust exemption allowing the National Football League to merge with the upstart American Football League.
    1973 - The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay 2.9 million USD.
    1976 - A series of earthquakes spreads panic in the city of Thessaloniki, which is evacuated.
    1977 - Manolis Andronikos, a Greek Archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.
    1979 - The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed.
    1987 - Remembrance Day Bombing: In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, an Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes, at a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead, killing twelve people.
    1989 - Hong Kong's MTR Lam Tin Station comes into service.
    2002 - Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences".
    2004 - War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
    2008 John Key is voted the new New Zealand Prime Minister in the New Zealand general election, 2008

    35 - Nerva, Roman Emperor (d. 98)
    1900 - Margaret Mitchell, American author (d. 1949)
    1900 - Charlie Paddock, American athlete (d. 1943)
    1904 - Cedric Belfrage English-born writer (d. 1990)
    1908 - Martha Gellhorn, American writer (d. 1998)
    1913 - June Havoc, American actress
    1918 - Hermann Zapf, German designer
    1919 - P. L. Deshpande, Indian author (d. 2000)
    1920 - Esther Rolle, American actress (d. 1998)
    1920 - Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian cardinal
    1922 - Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (d. 2001)
    1922 - Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (d. 1996)
    1923 - Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
    1924 - Joe Flynn, American actor (d. 1974)
    1927 - Ken Dodd, English comedian
    1927 - Nguyen Khanh, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
    1927 - Patti Page, American singer
    1929 - António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher
    1929 - Bobby Bowden, American football coach
    1931 - Darla Hood, American actress (d. 1979)
    1931 - Morley Safer, Canadian journalist
    1933 - Peter Arundell, British racing driver
    1935 - Alain Delon, French actor
    1935 - Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal Bishop
    1938 - Driss Basri, Moroccan Interior Minister (d. 2007)
    1942 - Angel Cordero Jr., Puerto Rican jockey
    1943 - Martin Peters, English footballer
    1944 - Bonnie Bramlett, American singer (Delaney, Bonnie & Friends)
    1946 - Guus Hiddink, Dutch football coach
    1946 - Roy Wood, English songwriter and musician (Electric Light Orchestra, The Move, Wizzard)
    1947 - Minnie Riperton, American singer (d. 1979)
    1949 - Bonnie Raitt, American singer
    1949 - Wayne LaPierre, Executive Vice Presidenf of the National Rifle Association.
    1950 - Mary Hart, American television personality
    1951 - Alfredo Astiz, Argentine general
    1952 - Jan Raas, Dutch cyclist
    1952 - Jerry Remy, American baseball player, color commentator
    1952 - Christie Hefner, CEO of Playboy Enterprises
    1952 - John Denny, American baseball player
    1953 - John Musker, American animation director
    1953 - Alfre Woodard, American actress

    911 - Louis the Child, last Carolingian ruler of the East Franks (b. 893)
    955 - Pope Agapetus II
    1171 - Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut (b. 1108)
    1195 - Conrad of Hohenstaufen
    1226 - King Louis VIII of France (b. 1187)
    1246 - Berenguela of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Castile (b. 1180)
    1308 - Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher
    1517 - Francisco Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros, Spanish statesman (b. 1436)
    1527 - Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
    1599 - Francisco Guerrero, Spanish composer (b. 1528)
    1600 - Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
    1605 - Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)
    1658 - Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (b. 1599)
    1674 - John Milton, English poet (b. 1608)
    1719 - Michel Rolle, French mathematician (b. 1652)
    1817 - Andrea Appiani, Italian painter (b. 1754)
    1830 - King Francis I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1777)
    1873 - Breton de los Herreros, Spanish playwright (b. 1796)
    1887 - John Henry "Doc" Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (b. 1851)
    1890 - César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (b. 1822)
    1905 - Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (b. 1870)
    1917 - Colin Blythe, English cricketer (b. 1879)
    1921 - Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
    1934 - Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (b. 1879)
    1944 - Walter Nowotny, Austrian/German fighter pilot (b. 1920)
    1945 - August von Mackensen, German field marshal (b. 1849)
    1949 - Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian clergyman (b. 1874)
    1953 - Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
    1953 - John van Melle, South African author (b. 1887)
    1959 - Frank Sherman Land, founder of DeMolay International (b. 1890)
    2006 - Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (b. 1945)
    2006 - Hannspeter Winter, Austrian plasma physicist
    2007 - Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (b. 1943)
    2007 - Chad Varah, English founder of charity The Samaritans (b. 1911)

    Holidays and observances
    Roman calendar
    Mundus patet: a harvest feast involving the dead.
    Synaxis of the Archangel Michael and the other Bodiless Powers of Heaven in Greece, Cyprus and all other Eastern Orthodox Churches worldwide
    Saint Demetrius Day (Mitrovdan) in Yugoslavia (Eastern Orthodox)
    Feast of Blessed Elizabeth of the Trinity in the Catholic Church

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