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Today in History (11 November 2008)

Discussion in 'General Discussions and Lounge' started by istanbul, Nov 11, 2008.

  1. istanbul

    istanbul New Member Webmaster

    308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.
    1215 - The Fourth Lateran Council meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Christ.
    1500 - Treaty of Granada - Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
    1620 - In what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, the Mayflower Compact is signed on the Mayflower, establishing the basic laws for the Plymouth Colony. (Old Style date; November 21 per New Style date.)
    1634 - Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes "An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery".
    1673 - Second Battle of Khotyn in Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
    1675 - Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function.
    1724 - Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
    1750 - The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, was formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity.
    1778 - Cherry Valley Massacre: an attack by Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces on a fort and village in eastern New York during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than forty civilians and soldiers.
    1805 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
    1831 - In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.
    1839 - The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
    1864 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea - Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins burning Atlanta, Georgia to the ground in preparation for his march south.
    1865 - Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
    1880 - Australian Bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.
    1887 - Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed.
    1887 - Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
    1889 - Washington is admitted as the 42nd U.S. state.
    1911 - Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through. (see The 11/11/11 cold wave).
    1918 - World War I ends: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside of Compiègne in France. The war officially stops at 11:00 (The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month) this is annually honoured with two-minutes of silence.
    1918 - Józef Piłsudski comes to Warsaw and assumes supreme military power in Poland. Poland regains its independence.
    1918 - Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquishes power.
    1919 - The Centralia Massacre in Centralia, Washington results the deaths of four members of the American Legion and the lynching of a local leader of the IWW.
    1919 - Lāčuplēšu day - Latvian forces defeat the Freikorps at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence.
    1921 - The Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated by US President Warren G. Harding at Arlington National Cemetery.
    1924 - Prime Minister Alexandros Papanastasiou proclaims the first Greek Republic.
    1926 - U.S. Route 66 is established.
    1930 - Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.
    1933 - Dust Bowl: In South Dakota, a very strong dust storm strips topsoil from desiccated farmlands.
    1940 - World War II: Battle of Taranto - The Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier strike in history, on the Italian fleet at Taranto.
    1940 - The German cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail, and sends it to Japan.
    1940 - Armistice Day Blizzard: An unexpected blizzard kills 144 in U.S. Midwest.
    1942 - World War II: Nazi Germany completed their occupation of France.
    1960 - A military coup against President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam was crushed.
    1962 - Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.
    1965 - In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence.
    1966 - NASA launches spaceship Gemini 12.
    1967 - Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "new left" antiwar activist Tom Hayden.
    1968 - Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal was to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.
    1968 - A second republic is declared in the Maldives.
    1972 - Vietnam War: Vietnamization - The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
    1975 - Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam and commissions Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister, and announces a general election to be held in early December.
    1992 - The Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
    2000 - In Kaprun, Austria, 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel.
    2001 - Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off.
    2004 - New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.
    2004 - Yasser Arafat is confirmed dead by the Palestine Liberation Organization, of unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
    2006 - The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.

    995 - Gisela of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1041)
    1050 - Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1106)
    1154 - King Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1212)
    1155 - King Alfonso VIII of Castile (d. 1214)
    1220 - Alphonse of Toulouse, son of Louis VIII of France (d. 1271)
    1493 - Paracelsus, doctor (d. 1541)
    1493 - Bernardo Tasso, Italian poet (d. 1569)
    1569 - Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and alchemist (d. 1611)
    1599 - Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (d. 1656)
    1599 - Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen of Sweden (d. 1655)
    1633 - George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, British statesman (d. 1695)
    1668 - Johann Albert Fabricius, German scholar and bibliographer (d. 1736)
    1743 - Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (d. 1828)
    1744 - Abigail Adams, First Lady of the United States (d. 1818)
    1748 - King Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
    1791 - Josef Munzinger, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1855)
    1792 - Mary Anne Evans, English wife of Benjamin Disraeli (d. 1872)
    1821 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (d. 1881)
    1836 - Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American poet and novelist (d. 1907)
    1852 - Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1925)
    1858 - Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (d. 1884)
    1863 - Paul Signac, French painter (d. 1935)
    1864 - Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1921)
    1869 - Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (d. 1901)
    1869 - King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (d. 1947)
    1872 - David I. Walsh, 46th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1947)
    1882 - King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1973)
    1883 - Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor (d. 1969)
    1885 - George Smith Patton, Jr., American general (d. 1945)
    1887 - Roland Young, American actor (d. 1953)
    1891 - Rabbit Maranville, American baseball player (d. 1954)
    1898 - Rene Clair, French film director (d. 1981)
    1899 - Pat O'Brien, American film actor (d. 1983)
    1900 - Halina Konopacka, Polish athlete (d. 1989)
    1901 - F. Van Wyck Mason, American author (d. 1978)
    1901 - Magda Goebbels, wife of Nazi minister of propaganda, Josef Goebbels (d. 1945)

    397 - Martin of Tours, French saint
    405 - Arsacius, intruding archbishop of Constantinople
    537 - Pope Silverius, saint
    826 - Theodore the Studite, saint (b. 759)
    865 - Petronas the Patrician, Byzantine General
    1623 - Philippe de Mornay, French writer (b. 1549)
    1638 - Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem, Dutch painter (b. 1562)
    1675 - Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, 9th sikh guru (b. 1621)
    1686 - Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French general (b. 1621)
    1686 - Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician (b. 1602)
  2. dezinerite

    dezinerite New Member Webmaster

    I remember today for 11.11.11 (Remembrance Day). It's a very important day for many of us...
  3. Compo

    Compo New Member Webmaster

    Agreed! Very important for me.

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