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Today in History (12 JUNE 2008)

Discussion in 'General Discussions and Lounge' started by istanbul, Jun 12, 2008.

  1. istanbul

    istanbul New Member Webmaster

    1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England rebels arrive at Blackheath.
    1418 - An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.
    1429 - Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.
    1560 - Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
    1653 - First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard – lasts until June 13.
    1665 - England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).
    1758 - French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg – James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
    1775 - American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
    1830 - Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
    1860 - The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
    1864 - American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor - Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
    1889 - 88 are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland.
    1896 - J.T. Hearne sets a cricket record for the earliest date of taking 100 first-class wickets in a season.
    1898 - Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain.
    1899 - New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 peoples and injures around 200.
    1902 - Australia: women in the four Australian States without female suffrage are given the right to vote in Commonwealth elections under Section 3 of the Commonwealth Franchise Act for a Uniform Federal Franchise. Specifically excluded from enrolling to vote were 'aboriginal native of Australia Africa Asia or the Islands of the Pacific except New Zealand' unless covered under Section 41 of the Constitution of Australia.
    1903 - Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
    1922 - In Windsor Castle, King George V receives the colours of the six Irish regiments that are to be disbanded - the Royal Irish Regiment, the Connaught Rangers, the South Irish Horse, the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers.
    1931 - Charlie Parker equals cricket record for the earliest date to reach 100 wickets in a season. Tich Freeman reaches 100 wickets a day later.
    1935 - Chaco War ends: a truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay who had been fighting since 1932.
    1939 - Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
    1940 - World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
    1942 - Holocaust: future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
    1943 - Holocaust: German Nazis liquidate the Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany, western Ukraine. 1,180 Jews were led to the city's old Jewish graveyard and shot.
    1963 - Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
    1964 - Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
    1967 - The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
    1967 - Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet's atmosphere and successfully return data).
    1978 - David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.
    1979 - Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.
    1987 - The Central African Republic's former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
    1987 - Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate.
    1988 - The Republic of Ireland beats England 1-0 at Euro88 thanks to a headed goal by Ray Houghton. This is Ireland's first competitive match at a major football tournament.
    1990 - Russia Day – the parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
    1991 - Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of the republic.
    1991 - Michael Jordan and the Chicago Bulls win their first NBA Championship
    1993 - Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola is elected President of Nigeria in record turnout for Nigerian elections.
    1994 - Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in a civil suit.
    1996 - In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet.
    1999 - Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins – a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
    2000 - Sandro Rosa do Nascimento takes hostages while robbing Bus #174 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; the highly-publicized standoff becomes a media circus and ends with the death of do Nascimento and a hostage.
    2004 - A 1.3 kg chondrite type meteorite strikes a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand causing serious damage but no injuries

    1961 - Jim Goad, American author
    1962 - Paul Clark, English musician (The Bolshoi)
    1962 - John Enos III, American actor
    1963 - Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer
    1963 - Tim DeKay, American actor
    1963 - Jerry Lynn, American professional wrestler
    1963 - Johnny Weiss, American professional wrestler
    1964 - Paula Marshall, American actress
    1965 - Filip Topol, Czech musician and writer
    1965 - Vicky Vette, Norwegian-born adult film actress
    1967 - Frances O'Connor, Australian actress
    1967 - Icíar Bollaín, Spanish actress, director and writer
    1968 - Scott Aldred, American baseball player
    1968 - Bobby Sheehan, American musician (Blues Traveler) (d. 1999)
    1969 - Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian guitarist (Omen, Bikini) (d. 2007)
    1969 - Mathieu Schneider, American ice hockey player
    1970 - Gordon Michael Woolvett, Canadian actor
    1971 - Mark Henry, American professional wrestler
    1971 - Ryan Klesko, American baseball player
    1972 - Bounty Killer, Jamaican deejay
    1973 - Takis Fyssas, Greek footballer
    1973 - Darryl White, Australian rules footballer
    1974 - Hideki Matsui, Japanese baseball player
    1974 - Jason Mewes, American actor
    1974 - Kerry Kittles, American basketball player
    1976 - Thomas Sørensen, Danish footballer
    1976 - Antawn Jamison, American basketball player
    1977 - Kenny Wayne Shepherd, American blues-rock guitarist
    1977 - Wade Redden, Canadian ice hockey player
    1978 - DJ Qualls, American model and actor
    1979 - Dallas Clark, American football player
    1979 - Wil Horneff, American actor
    1980 - Larry Foote, American football player
    1980 - Marco Bortolami, Italian rugby union player
    1981 - Adriana Lima, Brazilian supermodel
    1982 - Ben Blackwell, American musician
    1982 - Jason David, American football player
    1983 - Josh Dies, American author and musician (Showbread)
    1983 - Bryan Habana, South African rugby player
    1983 - Christine Sinclair, Canadian soccer player
    1985 - Blake Ross, American software developer
    1985 - Tasha-Ray Evin, Canadian musician (Lillix)
    1985 - Kendra Wilkinson, American Playboy bunny/Playmate
    1985 - Chris Young, American musician
    1992 - Allie DiMeco American musician and actress (The Naked Brothers Band)
    1992 - Ryan Malgarini, American actor
    1997 - William Cuddy, Canadian actor

    1962 - John Ireland, English composer (b. 1879)
    1963 - Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (b. 1925)
    1966 - Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (b. 1891)
    1969 - Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (b. 1899)
    1978 - Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (b. 1892)
    1980 - Milburn Stone, American actor (b. 1904)
    1980 - Billy Butlin, Founder of the brand of holiday venues known as Butlins (b. 1899)
    1980 - Masayoshi Ohira, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1910)
    1982 - Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
    1982 - Sgt Ian McKay VC, British soldier (Falklands War) (b. 1953)
    1983 - Norma Shearer, Canadian actress (b. 1902)
    1989 - Lou Monte, American singer (b. 1917)
    1994 - Ronald Goldman, American actor and model (b. 1969)
    1994 - Nicole Brown Simpson, American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson (b. 1959)
    1994 - Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Lubavitcher Rebbe (b. 1902)
    1994 - Christopher Collins, American actor and comedian (b. 1949)
    1995 - Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (b. 1920)
    1997 - Bulat Okudzhava, Russian writer and musician (b. 1924)
    2000 - P.L.Deshpande, Marathi writer (b. 1919)
    2002 - Bill Blass, American fashion designer (b. 1922)
    2003 - Gregory Peck, American actor (b. 1916)
    2005 - Scott Young, Canadian sports novelist and educationist (b. 1918)
    2006 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer (b. 1923)
    2006 - Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (b. 1923)
    2007 - Don Herbert aka "Mr. Wizard", American television host (b. 1917)

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