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Today in History (15 November 2008)

Discussion in 'General Discussions and Lounge' started by istanbul, Nov 15, 2008.

  1. istanbul

    istanbul New Member Webmaster


    655 - Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria.
    1315 - Battle of Morgarten the Schweizer Eidgenossenschaft ambushes the army of Leopold I.
    1515 - Thomas Cardinal Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal
    1532 - Commanded by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistadors under Hernando de Soto meet Inca leader Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca, arranging a meeting on the city plaza the following day
    1533 - Francisco Pizarro arrives in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire.
    1777 - American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.
    1791 - The first U.S Catholic college, Georgetown University, opens its doors.
    1806 - Pike expedition: Lieutenant Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains (it was later named Pikes Peak).
    1854 - In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
    1864 - American Civil War: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman burns Atlanta, Georgia and starts Sherman's March to the Sea.
    1889 - Brazil is declared a republic by Marechal Deodoro da Fonseca and Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup.
    1920 - First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva.
    1926 - The NBC radio network opens with 24 stations.
    1935 - Manuel L. Quezon is inaugurated as the second president of the Philippines.
    1939 - In Washington, D.C., US President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.
    1941 - Holocaust: SS chief Heinrich Himmler orders the arrest and deportation to concentration camps of all homosexuals in Germany, with the exception of certain top Nazi officials.
    1942 - World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219.
    1942 - World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
    1943 - Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies were to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps". (see Porajmos)
    1948 - Louis Stephen St. Laurent succeeds William Lyon Mackenzie King as Prime Minister of Canada. King had the longest combined time (3 terms, 22 years in total) as Premier in Commonwealth of Nations history.
    1949 - Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
    1959 - Four members of the Herbert Clutter Family are murdered at their farm outside Holcomb, Kansas.
    1960 - The Polaris missile is test launched.
    1966 - Gemini program: Gemini 12 splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.
    1966 - A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 708 crashes near Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.
    1967 - The only fatality of the X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert.
    1969 - Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
    1969 - Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000-500,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".
    1971 - Intel releases world's first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004.
    1976 - René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois take power to become the first Quebec government of the 20th century clearly in favour of independence.
    1978 - A chartered DC-8 crashes near Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing 183.
    1979 - A package from the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, forcing the plane to make an emergency landing.
    1983 - Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is founded. Recognised only by Turkey
    1985 - A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes.
    1985 - The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed at Hillsborough Castle by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald.
    1987 - Continental Airlines Flight 1713, a Douglas DC-9-14 jetliner, crashes in a snowstorm at Denver, Colorado Stapleton International Airport, killing 28 occupants, while 54 survive the crash.
    1988 - In the Soviet Union, the unmanned Shuttle Buran is launched on her first and last space flight.
    1988 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council.
    1988 - The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
    1990 - Space Shuttle program: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches with flight STS-38.
    1993 - 13 Cuban refugees land in Florida after stealing a crop-duster in Cuba.
    2000 - A chartered Antonov AN-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola killing more than 40 people. New Jharkhand state came into existence in India.
    2002 - Hu Jintao becomes general secretary of the Communist Party of China.
    2003 - The first day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings takes place, to be followed by additional bombings on November 20.
    2005 - Boeing formally launches the stretched Boeing 747-8 variant with orders from Cargolux and Nippon Cargo Airlines.
    2007 - A devastating Cyclone named Sidr hit Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5000 people and destroyed the world's largest mangrove forest, Sundarbans.

    1316 - John I of France (d. 1316)
    1397 - Pope Nicholas V (d. 1455)
    1498 - Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (d. 1558)
    1511 - Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet (d. 1536)
    1556 - Jacques-Davy Duperron, French cardinal (d. 1618)
    1559 - Archduke Albert of Austria, Governor of the Low Countries (d. 1621)
    1607 - Madeleine de Scudéry, French writer (d. 1701)
    1660 - Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (d. 1746)
    1661 - Christoph von Graffenried, Swiss settler in Americas (d. 1743)
    1688 - Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician (d. 1757)
    1692 - Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
    1708 - William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1778)
    1738 - William Herschel, German-born astronomer (d. 1822)
    1741 - Johann Kaspar Lavater, German philosopher (d. 1801)
    1746 - Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer and playwright (d. 1809)
    1757 - Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon (d. 1830)
    1784 - Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (d. 1860)
    1793 - Michel Chasles, French mathematician (d. 1880)
    1852 - Tewfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (d. 1892)
    1859 - Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (d. 1960)
    1862 - Gerhart Hauptmann, German dramatist, Nobel laureate (d. 1946)
    1874 - August Krogh, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1949)
    1874 - Dimitrios Golemis, Greek athlete (d. 1941)

    655 - Penda, King of Mercia
    1028 - Constantine VIII Byzantine Emperor (b. 960)
    1136 - Margrave Leopold III of Austria (b. 1073)
    1280 - Albertus Magnus, German theologian, bishop, and philosopher
    1463 - Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini, Prince of Taranto and Constable of Naples
    1544 - King Jungjong of Joseon (b. 1506)
    1579 - Ferenc Dávid, Hungarian religious reformer (b. 1510)
    1628 - Roque Gonzales, Paraguayan missionary (b. 1576)
    1630 - Johannes Kepler, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1571)
    1670 - Comenius, Czech writer (b. 1592)
    1691 - Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (b. 1620)
    1706 - Tsangyang Gyatso, 6th Dalai Lama (b. 1683)
    1712 - James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nationalist (b. 1658)
    1712 - Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun, English politician (b. 1675)
    1787 - Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer (b. 1714)
    1794 - John Witherspoon, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1723)
    1795 - Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo, French painter (b. 1719)
    1819 - Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (b. 1749)
    1853 - Queen Maria II of Portugal (b. 1819)
    1908 - Empress Dowager Cixi, Chinese ruler (b. 1835)
    1910 - Wilhelm Raabe, German writer (b. 1831)
    1916 - Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author, Nobel laureate (b. 1846)
    1917 - Émile Durkheim, French sociologist (b. 1858)
    1919 - Alfred Werner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1866)
    1919 - Mohammad Farid, an influential Egyptian political figure.
    1949 - Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte, conspirators against Mahatma Gandhi (b. Narayan Apte - 1911)
    1954 - Lionel Barrymore, American actor (b. 1878)
    1958 - Tyrone Power, American actor (b. 1914)
    1959 - Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Scottish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)

    Holidays and observances
    Roman festivals - Festival in honor of Feronia (others say 13 November)
    Roman Catholic Saints - Albert the Great, Saint Zechariah, Saint Leopold, Abibus of Edessa, Hugh Faringdon, Saint Malo, Saint Mechell, Didier of Cahors
    Eastern Orthodoxy - Feast of Saint Philip the Apostle and the beginning of Winter Lent
    Austria - Saint Leopold's day -- no school in Vienna, Lower Austria and Upper Austria
    Belgium - King's Feast, not an official holiday, but some state institutions are closed; Day of the German-speaking Community of Belgium, observed only in the German-speaking Community (since 1990), not in the rest of Belgium.
    Brazil - Republic Proclamation Day (1889)
    Palestine - Independence Day (declared 1988)
    United States - America Recycles Day
    Japan - Shichi-Go-San - traditional rite of passage and festival day for three and seven year-old girls and three and five year-old boys
  2. temi

    temi Facilitator Webmaster

    very informative Istanbul, well done, rep added :)
  3. istanbul

    istanbul New Member Webmaster

    You are welcome boss... :)
  4. Andyrose

    Andyrose New Member Webmaster

    We provide a useful and informative guide to the city of Istanbul.
    We give you a brief description of Istanbul, followed by a short history of the city, general information, climate, city life, shows, architecture, art and culture, tours, adventures, major monuments, museums, palaces, bazaar & shopping, hotels, towers, mosques, churches, synagogues and pictures, to help you navigate around the city.

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